Bikoreshwa mubikorwa byo gukora imodoka namateka yimbere mu gihugu

Ibikomoka kuri peteroli, imiti, amakara, uruganda rukora ibyuma, ninganda zikora amamodoka nizo guhitamo kwambere kumateraniro yumuvuduko mwinshi umwaka wose!Reka rero twumve muri make amateka yimbere mugukora amamodoka uyumunsi.
Muri Mata 1949, mu gihugu hari abakozi barenga miliyoni 4 badafite akazi, bangana na kimwe cya kabiri cy'abakozi b'igihugu.
Muri kiriya gihe, mu gihugu hari kilometero zigera ku 10,000 z'umuhanda wa gari ya moshi, ibiraro 3,200, hamwe na tunel zirenga 200 mu gihugu.Jinpu, Jinghan, Yuehan, Longhai, Zhejiang-Jiangxi n'indi miyoboro minini ihuza iburasirazuba, iburengerazuba, amajyaruguru n'amajyepfo ntibashoboye gukingura imodoka.Kimwe cya gatatu cya za lokomoteri mu gihugu byatewe n’ibyangiritse bikabije ntibishobora gukoreshwa.Ibintu byose, amaherezo, byategereje gusa Mao Zedong na Stalin guhura no kurangiza
Leta zunze ubumwe z'Abasoviyeti ziyemeje gufasha Ubushinwa mu kubaka uruganda rukora imodoka.None, uko ibintu byifashe mu nganda zo mu gihugu muri kiriya gihe byari bimeze bite?Jia Yanliang, wapanze igisekuru cya mbere cya Hongqi sedan, yagize ati: "Ingorane zo gutangiza umushinga wo mu nsi ntushobora gutekereza."
Ubushinwa na Leta Zunze Ubumwe z'Abasoviyeti bemeje ko Leta Zunze Ubumwe z'Abasoviyeti zizafasha Ubushinwa kubaka uruganda rukora amakamyo aciriritse.Icyo gihe uruhande rw'Abasoviyeti rwavuze ko ibikoresho by'uruganda rukora imodoka rwa Stalin byari bifite, ni ibihe bikoresho uruganda rukora amamodoka mu Bushinwa rugomba kugira;Usibye gufasha mu kubaka uruganda rukora amamodoka, hazubakwa kandi uruganda rukora amamodoka yoroheje kugira ngo rwitegure gukenera Ubushinwa mu gihe gito, kandi ruzagurwa mu ruganda rukora nyuma.
Ku ya 16 Ukuboza 1949, Mao Zedong yasuye Leta Zunze Ubumwe z'Abasoviyeti.Mu mezi arenga abiri yasuye Leta Zunze Ubumwe z'Abasoviyeti, uruhande rw'Abasoviyeti rwateguye Mao Zedong gusura ibigo byinshi bigezweho.Muri bo, ku ruganda rw’imodoka rwa Stalin, yitegereza imodoka ziva ku murongo w’iteraniro, Mao Zedong yishimye cyane abwira amashyaka y’abashinwa n’amahanga amuherekeza ati: “Turashaka kandi uruganda rw’imodoka nkiyi.”
Hamwe nihutirwa nigitutu cyigihe, Ubushinwa bufite ikirango nikipe mumyaka irindwi gusa
Ahantu uruganda rwimodoka rwigeze kuba ikibazo gikomeye.Kuva uruganda rukora imodoka rwa Stalin rwubatswe hafi ya Moscou.Ku bw'ibyo, uruhande rw'Abasoviyeti rwasabye ko uruganda rwa mbere rukora amamodoka mu Bushinwa narwo rugomba kubakwa hafi y'umurwa mukuru.Icyakora, impuguke z’Abasoviyeti zagaragaje kandi ko kubaka uruganda runini rw’imodoka rugezweho bigomba kubanza gutekereza ku bintu by’ibanze nko gutanga amashanyarazi, gutanga ibyuma, gutwara gari ya moshi, geologiya n’amasoko y’amazi.
Kora ibendera rinini ry'umutuku: Ubushinwa bufite sisitemu yimodoka yuzuye kuva icyo gihe
Nyuma, abakoresha imodoka zitukura zitukura bava mubayobozi b'ishyaka n'abayobozi kugeza ku bayobozi bari hejuru y'intara na minisitiri.Gutwara ibendera ry'umutuku uzwi cyane mu Bushinwa sedan byabaye ikinyabupfura n'abayobozi benshi b'abanyamahanga bakuru iyo basuye Ubushinwa.
Inganda zizera ko umusaruro mwinshi w’amakamyo yo mu bwoko bwa Jiefang afite umutwaro wa toni 4 byerekana intangiriro y’inganda z’imodoka z’Ubushinwa kuva kuri zeru kugeza kuri zimwe, kandi ubushakashatsi bwuzuye n’iterambere ry’imodoka za Hongqi byerekana ko Ubushinwa bufite gahunda yuzuye yo gukora inganda z’imodoka.
Uruganda rutunganya uruganda n uruganda rukora amamodoka narimwe muruganda rushyigikira buri mwaka uruganda rwacu rutera umuvuduko mwinshi.

factory

 


Igihe cyo kohereza: Jun-16-2022